Is a Homeowner Association (HOAs) thwarting solar for your home or your customer? Share your problems and solutions with IndianaDG.

Posted by Laura Arnold  /   April 26, 2013  /   Posted in Uncategorized  /   1 Comments

 I have heard about problems for homeowners and installers with homeowner associations (HOAs) in Indiana trying to install solar systems for some time. We have discussed whether it would make sense to join other states which have passed legislation to prohibit unreasonable restrictions on solar installations by HOAs. If you think this makes sense to do here in Indiana, we will need to document this problem. Please send me information about this problem to

I am also interested in learning more about this problem and/or how it was resolved in other states.

Laura Ann Arnold, President, Indiana Distributed Energy Alliance

New comment received 9/27/14 from Nathan who lives in Hamilton County, IN.

Inspiring, got my 1st HOA denial today.  I look forward to the fight.  May the odds ever be in residential distributed generation's favor.


HOAs Fight Solar, Homeowners Fight Back

By Emily Hois
April 25, 2013

You own your home. You want to save on your electric bill and reduce your carbon footprint. You’ve paid for a roof that can support solar panels. The next step is to research solar installation companies that serve your area, right? Wrong, say some Homeowners Associations (HOAs).

Across the U.S., homeowners who have installed solar panels without approval from their HOA are losing tens of thousands of dollars as they are forced to remove their solar systems. In Nebraska, Tim Adams of Omaha installed a $40,000 rooftop solar system and was sued by the South Shore Heights Homeowners Association, which said the solar panels “violated neighborhood covenants.” Although Adams settled, he vows not to give up the fight. The settlement requires the homeowner to remove his array of blue solar panels by July 1 and forbids him from making any other public comments regarding the case, the HOA, and its associated members.

The Omaha HOA argues that Adams failed to obtain approval before installing the panels, but chances are slim that the board would have approved his request—as the case with David and Angel Dobs reveals. The Georgia couple has asked for permission to install a 30-solar-panel time and time again, having made four revisions to their original proposal. The Vickery Lake Homeowners Association has denied their request every time.

In order to win approval from the HOA, board member Jim Graham said the panels will have to remain out of public view, such as mounted in the Dobses’ backyard and hidden by a fence. But the fence must also be approved by the HOA. The Vickery Lake HOA argues that the panels would “look out of place and could lower home values in the community,” reports theHuffington Post.

But there’s good news for solar power enthusiasts who belong to HOAs: these lawsuits have prompted some states—about two dozen—to limit HOAs' authority to ban solar panels. In Texas, no HOA can prohibit homeowners from installing solar energy systems on their rooftops, fenced-in yards or patios. Colorado HOAs can enforce “architectural guidelines” that can restrict the placement or appearance of solar panels. However, these aesthetic provisions may not result in a significant cost increase for the resident, nor can they hinder the solar system’s efficiency. California’s Solar Rights Act of 1978 prohibits HOAs from interfering with the installation of residential solar panels, although the law does allow for “reasonable restrictions” on solar energy systems. As a result, some HOAs have opposed even modest installations.

So what can homeowners do?

Negotiations are a good starting point. An HOA would be smart to spend time negotiating instead of spending money on court costs. Before starting negotiations, a homeowner can check to see whether their HOA covenant mentions solar systems directly. If not, or if the rules apply indirectly (such as forbidding other rooftop objects), this ambiguity will work in your favor if you go to court. If solar systems are explicitly banned, homeowners may be able to obtain a waiver by demonstrating that certain restrictions are unreasonable.For example, as Colorado recognizes, an HOA may not restrict placement if it causes the panels to lose efficiency—such as positioning them out of public view, and out of optimal sunlight.

Homeowners can also initially propose a solar system that is larger than intended, so that the revisions can include a size reduction that may be enough to satisfy the HOA. If these tactics fail, solar rights laws in your state may provide protection, although legal action is typically required to enforce these laws on a case-by-case basis.

The original article was posted on the SolarReviews blog

One Comment

  1. Laura Arnold April 28, 2013 7:45 pm Reply

    I received this comment via email and I am now posting it for others to read below:

    “Thanks for posting this article which highlights our and others experiences with HOAs. Here is additional information that should be of interest. When we moved into the Vickery Lake subdivision, the rules on solar installations simply stated that systems must be submitted for approval, and we proceeded on that basis. Our first request was for permission to install a 30-solar-panel system. After denial, our next request was for a 16-panel system on a low roof between our home and our next-door neighbor’s (who by the way had no objection to our proposed system). The third attempt was for a very modest 8-panel system with very low visibility. The final attempt was a 16-panel system hidden from view by tall evergreen trees. All attempts to reach a compromise failed. After our run-in with our HOA, they changed their rules and now require that solar energy systems must not be visible from the street or from anyone’s property. That allows only 3 out of 140 households to install solar energy systems. Our story was published in 3 newspapers in the greater Atlanta area and was featured on live newscasts broadcasted by CBS and ABC. I have a Facebook page that shows a Photoshop representation of our proposed 16-panel system:

    I started a petition to gather support for legislation to prohibit unreasonable restrictions on solar installations by HOAs, and this can be found at: Folks from all over the US and Europe have signed.

    Last year, the Georgia legislature voted on a “Solar Rights” bill that would curtail unreasonable restrictions on solar installations, but it failed by four votes. The bill was weak and non-retroactive for existing HOAs, but it would be a start. Sponsors of the bill will try again, I am told. Neighboring states Florida and South Carolina currently have Solar Rights provisions in their state laws.

    Christof Demont-Heinrich is editor of a very interesting and informative website devoted to solar power and electric vehicle technology. The site follows several stories like mine at

    At this point, it is no longer important whether or not I will ever be able to install a solar energy system on my home. I am a passionate environmentalist and I will continue working to promote the increased use of renewable energy systems in Georgia. By the way, I am an electrical engineer with 37 years experience, and I completed a substantial course of study in the design and installation of photovoltaic solar panel systems.

    Thanks again for posting the article and for your work in the field of renewable energy.


    David and Angel Dobs
    Cumming, GA

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